The International Labour Organisation (ILO 2019) has also played an important role in setting standards in relation to gender-based violence. In 2019, it adopted the Violence and Harassment Convention – known as Convention No. 190 or C190 – which recognises everyone’s right to a world of work free from violence and harassment, including gender-based violence and harassment. It notes that such violence at work represents a human rights violation or abuse, and poses a threat to access to decent work, and the labour market more generally. It calls for an inclusive, integrated and gender-responsive approach in combating gender-based violence, that considers how intersecting forms of discrimination and unequal power relations contribute to the problem.
These strategies and conventions aim at a global outreach, and to provide a framework for the promotion of policy-led change and effective measures – at national or organisational level – in different parts of the world. However, it is evident that the national context matters and that there may be very different understandings of what constitutes gender-based violence, including what is seen as acceptable.